Sub-basin committees

The water resources of the Republic of Moldova are presented through surface waters and underground waters. The water catchment area of the Republic of Moldova is represented by 3621 rivers including 7 with a length of over 100 km, another 247 - over 10 km, 57 lakes with the surface of the water mirror of 62.2 km2 and about 3000 ponds and accumulation basins, with a volume of 1,8 km3 and a surface mirror of 333 km2. The Republic of Moldova has 82 artificial water basins, the largest being Costeşti-Stânca on Pr. (735 mln.m3 water) and Dubăsari on the Nistru river (277.4 mln.m3 water). This data is one of the important prerequisites for aquatic resources management and the proper maintenance of ecological statuses, the existence of a surveillance system, the provision of information on quantity, quality, state, dynamics, space and time interactions, prediction of deterioration or improvement of quality, and so on.

All aquatic objects: rivers, canals, lakes, reservoirs and ponds are considered as surface waters and are considered the national property of the Republic of Moldova. Water Law No 272 of December 23, 2011, Article 5 provides as follows: The management of water resources provides that the river basin district is the main unit for the management of the river basins and groundwater associated with them; sub-basins, in turn, are delimited in districts. Government Decision no. 775 from 04.10.2013 regarding the boundaries of the basins and sub-basins districts and the special maps in which they are determined, acting on the basis of the Water Law no. 272 of 23.12.2011, delimited the boundaries of two hydrographic districts: Prut and Nistru. Within these river basin districts are included 4 river basins: the Danube, the Black Sea, the Prut and the Nistru.

 In these hydrographic basins there are 39 hydrographic sub-basins: Sarata, Hagider, Chirghis-Chitai, Catlabuh, Cahul, Racovat, Vilia-Lopatnic, Camenca, Caldarusa, Sovat, Delia, Bratuleanca, Sărata, Ciuhur, Ciorna-Rezina, Racovăţ-Sănătăuca-Alcedar, Rîbniţa-Iagorlic, Răut, Nistrul Vechi-Ştiubei-Liman, Ocnita-Ocna, Ichel, Colcotov-Cuciurgan, Nistru, Lipusna, Frumoasa-Crihana, Alcalia, Girla Mare-Soltoaia, Larga, Tigheci, Saharna-Jidauca, Cogilnic, Ialpug.

                         

 Thus, from 2012 until now, the National Environmental Center facilitated the creation of 6 sub-basin committees on the rivers Raut, Ichel, Bic (Nistru river basin) and Ciuhur, Larga, Tigheci (Danube-Prut and Black Sea hydrographic district). CNM is a member and fulfills the role of technical secretariat of the sub-basin committees Bic and Raut, and mentors the other 4 sub-basin committees in its activities. All 6 Committees are functional, members are in permanent meetings, where they discuss and make decisions on issues related to the reduction of pollution sources in the sub-basin area, as well as river rehabilitation activities. The members of the sub-basin committees are local public authorities, environmental inspections, public health centers, civil society organizations, and in the sub-basins of the Raut and Bic rivers there is the "Apele Moldovei" Agency and the Regional Development Agency- Central region .

Through its activities, the CNM aims to increase the capacities of the target groups in order to raise the awareness of the importance of water resources for the existence of life, to adopt a responsible attitude towards water resources, thus diminishing their pollution and contributing to the rehabilitation of water resources.

According to the Regulation on monitoring and systematically highlighting the status of surface waters and groundwater, GD no. 932 of 20.11.2013, the surface water quality monitoring is carried out at the national level within the State Hydrometeorological Service (SHS), by the Environmental Quality Monitoring Division, which carries out the systematic monitoring on the state of pollution of the environmental factors (surface waters , alluviums, air, soil, radioactive material) on the territory of the Republic of Moldova and ensures the state bodies and the interested organizations with information on the state of environmental pollution. This activity is regulated by a series of normative and legislative acts, among which the most important can be nominated:

Laws of the Republic of Moldova: 

  1. Law of water nr. 272 from 23 December 2011;
  2. Law on hydrometeorological activity, nr.1536-XIII from 25 February 1998;
  3. Law on environmental protection, nr.1515-XII from 16 June 1993
  4. Legea on waters, rivers and watercourses protection areas and stripes, nr.440-XIII from 27 April 1995;
  5. Law on natural resources, nr.1102-XIII from 6 February 1997;
  6. Law on drinking water, nr.272-XIV from 10 February 1999;

Republic of Moldova Government Decisions:

  1. On some measures regarding the regulation of the use of aquatic basins, nr.1202 from 8 November 2001;
  2. On measures for establishment of riparian zones and strips for water protection of rivers and water basins, nr. 32 from 16 January, 2001.
  3. Regulation on surface water quality requirements, HG nr. 890 from 12 November 2013;
  4. Regulation on systematic monitoring and recording of surface water and groundwater, HG nr. 932 from 20 November 2013;

The water management institutions in Moldova are represented by several organizations. Systematic monitoring and recording of the state of surface waters, groundwaters and protected areas is carried out by the central body of public administration in the field of the environment, which is currently the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment (MADRM). Drinking water, irrigation waters and recreational areas are monitored in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection (MSMPS).

The State Environmental Inspectorate (IES), an autonomous subdivision of the MADRM with legal person status, issues water cap and water discharges permits ("special use of water") in consultation with other statutory stakeholders, including the water management Apele Moldovei (Moldovan Waters) and health authorities. It also monitors compliance with effluent requirements and imposes administrative sanctions for violation of environmental legislation. At sub-national level, these functions are met by district offices. The Fisheries Service is an institutional part of the MADRM, responsible for monitoring fish populations and controlling fishing activities in the Dniester and Danube / Prut river basins.

 Apele Moldovei is a water resource management agency responsible for water management and quantitative allocation of water abstraction, water supply and sanitation planning, and irrigation services. The Apele Moldove also maintain the State Water Cadastre, which identifies river basins and individual waters and classifies the use of water in the economic sector. For a better water management "Apele Moldovei" Agency recommends the use of the Model of the Regulation for the Sub-Basin Committees.

 The National Agency for Public Health (ANSP) of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection (MSMPS) is responsible for monitoring compliance with sanitary water quality requirements for water bodies used for  water abstraction for drinking and recreation purpose.

 Finally, the State Hydrometeorological Service (Hidrometeo), institutionally subordinated to MADRM, is responsible for monitoring the hydrological and quality parameters of surface water in Moldova.

The Agency for Geology and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Moldova (AGRM) is subordinated to MADRM and has the attributions of regulating and coordinating the study, protection and rational use of the basement and development of the Moldovan mineral raw material base. The field of activity of the Agency is to organize the development of the mineral raw materials base, the geological study of the basement, the coordination of the assignment in the established manner of the right to use the basement, the holding of the Republican Geological Information Fund and the balance of the useful mineral reserves, departmental control over the protection and rational use of the subsoil, coordinating the construction on surfaces with exploited useful minerals, as well as the coordination of the design of the exploitation wells and groundwater intakes, the elaborated technical documentation and the materials for obtaining the authorization for special use of water.

 The conditions for the special use of water are coordinated by the Agency through the one-stop shop for environmental authorization for the special use of water.

 The design, drilling, winding of wells and special water use conditions shall be coordinated by the Agency in accordance with the provisions of the Code of subsoil no. 3 of 02.02.2009 and the Government Decision no. 931 of 20.11.2013 for the approval of the Regulation on groundwater quality requirements.

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