Implementation of waste management policies in EaP countries according Association Agreements (Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine)

Implementation of waste management policies in EaP countries  according Association Agreements (Moldova, Georgia and  Ukraine)

Since the Association Agreements (AAS) signed between EU and Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine entry into force, a list of special requirements for countries of Eastern Partnership appeared. In the field of environmental protection, one of the most highlighted subject is waste management. Despite the fact that all three countries are at different stages of development, the mentioned subject is one of the most critical for all of them considering that waste represents the major source of pollution of the environment.
A good waste management ensures the sustainable development of the communities. This task is directly attributed to the local public authorities, to NGOs and to other representatives of civil society. It is worth to mention that the Agenda 2030 focus on municipal waste management and on population health and environment impact.
In each of three countries, in order to improve the waste management quality were introduced several tries: separated solid waste collection, recycling of different types of waste and, in this way, improvement of the waste collection infrastructure. But the applied activities are small, since more involvement from local authorities and ordinary people is needed.
This year, National Environmental Center is working on the project “Implementation of waste management policies in Eastern Partnership countries” according Association Agreements (Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine) together our partners from Ukraine and Georgia in order to identify the level of involvement of the local authorities into the waste management process and suppose the participation of a big number of inhabitants from all three countries.
The role of the population who will participate in the project will be to identify the steps for improving the waste management process, in order to decrease the impact on the environment and on health. It is important to understand also the benefits of this process: some fractions of the waste could be recycled and reused; people will get to know what are the EU requirements regarding the waste store and will ask for implementation of the requirements by the competent bodies.
The Project objectives could be resumed to following:
1. To contribute to advancing reforms of the EaP countries in environmental area covered by the EaP CSF structure, specifically in sustainable development (waste management improvement)
2. To strengthen the regional perspective among Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia in promoting the implementation of AA between these countries and EU
3. To raise the level of awareness of target groups and inform them about requirements in the field of waste management according to the Association Agreements between EU and Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia and benefits from implementing AAs in this fields in Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia.
In order to obtain good results in this project, a list of activities for the participant countries was developed. Implementing the similar actions in all three countries allow us to create partnerships and information exchange regarding results and benefits of the project implementation.
First of all, some studies will be developed in order to evaluate the actual situation in the field of waste management (how it is organized, what are the tariffs, how the waste is collected, how is the recycling process organized, what are the local policies and national policies in this regard and other important aspects). In information and awareness processes will be involved Ministry of Environment, local public authorities, enterprises, experts and local population. Will be organized 3 to 5 info-days in Chisinau municipality and in Straseni city, also for local municipal enterprises who take care of waste collection. In order to inform the population as much as possible, will be organized an info-day at sanitation municipal company for journalists and civic activists to show the entire process of waste collection and selection. Around 1000 posters about waste separation will be distributed in the neighborhoods where dumpsters for different waste fractions already exist. In order to determine the level of information and awareness of the population, a round table for 30 participants from Ministry of Environment, Parliament, Local Authorities, companies that collect and recycle different waste fractions and also others civil society representatives will be organized.
The project will concentrate on Association Agreement signed between Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Georgia and European Union implementation process in the waste management field.
This project is funded by National Endowment for Democracy Foundation.